Chandrayaan-3 successfully inserted into lunar orbit, says ISRO

India’s third lunar mission Chandrayaan-3 successfully entered the orbit of the moon on Saturday after traversing for over 300,000 km in three weeks in deep space following a precise course meticulously charted by the Indian Space Research Organisation.

Chandrayaan-3

Exploring the Lunar Frontier: India’s Chandrayaan-3 Lunar Mission

India’s space exploration efforts have reached new heights with the successful insertion of Chandrayaan-3 into the orbit of the moon. This remarkable achievement by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) marks another significant milestone in the country’s space journey. Let’s delve into the details of Chandrayaan-3 and its ambitious objectives.

A Precise Lunar Journey Of Chandrayaan-3

ISRO meticulously planned and executed Chandrayaan-3’s journey to the moon, traversing over 300,000 km in three weeks through deep space. On Saturday, the spacecraft entered lunar orbit after a retro-burn at the Perilune, resulting in an intended orbit of 164 km x 18074 km. This successful maneuver has set the stage for the next phase of the mission.

Aiming for a Soft Landing

Chandrayaan-3

Over the next 18 days, ISRO will gradually reduce the probe’s velocity, guiding it to a lower orbit of approximately 100 km. Chandrayaan-3 is scheduled to attempt a soft landing near the lunar south pole on August 23 at 5.47 pm, marking the most awaited moment of the mission. This delicate operation requires precision and meticulous planning to ensure a successful landing.

The Role of SHAPE Payload

Chandrayaan - 3 - Blackhole Space Tech

Beyond the landing, Chandrayaan-3’s mission extends to studying Earth-like exo-planets. After the rover-carrying lander is separated, the remaining part of the space probe will carry a unique payload named SHAPE (Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth). Designed by scientists at the Space Application Centre in Ahmedabad and UR Rao Satellite Centre, this payload will observe Earth to understand its atmosphere from space. The SHAPE payload plays a crucial role in the mission.

Identifying Habitable Exo-planets

Chandrayaan-3

SHAPE’s observations of Earth will help in identifying tell-tale signs that are characteristic of habitable planets. By studying the spectrograph data and high-resolution images, scientists aim to gain insights into the atmospheres of different exo-planets. This valuable information will contribute to future missions aimed at discovering smaller planets with conditions conducive to life.

The Quest for Exo-planets

With over 7,000 known exo-planets and numerous planned space missions to discover more, the exploration of exo-planets has become a significant area of research for space agencies worldwide. ISRO, in collaboration with the UK, also has plans for a dedicated exo-planet mission in the future.

Chandrayaan-3 Legacy

Chandrayaan-3’s success is not the first lunar mission accomplished by ISRO. It follows the footsteps of Chandrayaan-I and Chandrayaan-II, which also made their mark in lunar exploration. The space agency’s consistent achievements highlight India’s growing prowess in space science.

Chandrayaan-3

Conclusion

India’s Chandrayaan-3 mission is a testament to the country’s dedication to space exploration. With careful planning, precise execution, and innovative payloads like SHAPE, India’s ISRO continues to push the boundaries of space science. As we await the soft landing and subsequent research endeavors, Chandrayaan-3 has already etched its name in the annals of lunar exploration history.

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