Chandrayaan-3 Launch Date , Time-Place & Video


The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is all set to launch Chandrayaan-3, the highly anticipated lunar mission that aims to continue India’s exploration of the moon. Building upon the successes and lessons learned from the previous Chandrayaan missions, Chandrayaan-3 is poised to further expand our knowledge and understanding of Earth’s natural satellite. In this article, we will explore the launch date, time, and location of this exciting mission.

Chandrayaan-3

Chandrayaan-3, the highly anticipated lunar mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), aims to demonstrate end-to-end capability in achieving safe landing and roving on the lunar surface. The mission includes a Lander and Rover configuration, and ISRO will launch it using the LVM3 (Launch Vehicle Mark-3) from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota. The propulsion module will transport the lander and rover configuration to a 100 km lunar orbit. Importantly, the propulsion module will carry the Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload, which will conduct spectral and polarimetric measurements of Earth from the lunar orbit.

1. Overview of Chandrayaan-3

Chandrayaan-3 is the third lunar exploration mission undertaken by ISRO, following the success of Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2. The primary objective of this mission is to land a rover on the lunar surface, furthering our understanding of the moon’s geology, mineralogy, and exosphere.Chandrayaan-3 consists of an indigenous Lander module (LM), Propulsion module (PM) and a Rover with an objective of developing and demonstrating new technologies required for Inter planetary missions

The Lander will possess the capability to execute a soft landing at a designated lunar site and deploy the Rover. Which will conduct in-situ chemical analysis of the lunar surface while traversing. Both the Lander and the Rover carry scientific payloads for conducting experiments on the lunar surface.

ISRO has selected the GSLV-Mk3 as the launcher for Chandrayaan-3, and it will use this rocket to position the integrated module into an Elliptic Parking Orbit (EPO) measuring approximately 170 x 36,500 km.

2. Mission Objectives Of Chandrayaan-3

  1. To demonstrate Safe and Soft Landing on Lunar Surface
  2. To demonstrate Rover roving on the moon and
  3. To conduct in-situ scientific experiments

The overall specifications for Chandrayaan-3 is provided below:

Sl No.ParameterSpecifications
1.Mission Life (Lander & Rover)One lunar day (~14 Earth days)
2.Landing Site (Prime)4 km x 2.4 km 69.367621 S, 32.348126 E
3.Science PayloadsLander:Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA)Chandra’s Surface Thermo physical Experiment (ChaSTE)Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA)Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA) Rover:Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS)Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) Propulsion Module:Spectro-polarimetry of HAbitable Planet Earth (SHAPE)
4.Two Module ConfigurationPropulsion Module (Carries Lander from launch injection to Lunar orbit)Lander Module (Rover is accommodated inside the Lander)
5.MassPropulsion Module: 2148 kgLander Module: 1752 kg including Rover of 26 kgTotal: 3900 kg
6.Power generationPropulsion Module: 758 WLander Module: 738W, WS with BiasRover: 50W
7.CommunicationPropulsion Module: Communicates with IDSNLander Module: Communicates with IDSN and Rover. Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter is also planned for contingency link.Rover: Communicates only with Lander.
8.Lander SensorsLaser Inertial Referencing and Accelerometer Package (LIRAP)Ka-Band Altimeter (KaRA)Lander Position Detection Camera (LPDC)LHDAC (Lander Hazard Detection & Avoidance Camera)Laser Altimeter (LASA)Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV)Lander Horizontal Velocity Camera (LHVC)Micro Star sensorInclinometer & Touchdown sensors
9.Lander ActuatorsReaction wheels – 4 nos (10 Nms & 0.1 Nm)
10.Lander Propulsion SystemBi-Propellant Propulsion System (MMH + MON3), 4 nos. of 800 N Throttleable engines & 8 nos. of 58 N; Throttleable Engine Control Electronics
11.Lander MechanismsLander legRover Ramp (Primary & Secondary)RoverILSA, Rambha & Chaste PayloadsUmbilical connector Protection Mechanism,X- Band Antenna
12.Lander Touchdown specificationsVertical velocity: ≤ 2 m / secHorizontal velocity: ≤ 0.5 m / secSlope: ≤ 120

The objectives of scientific payloads planned on Chandrayaan-3 Lander Module and Rover are provided below:

Sl. NoLander PayloadsObjectives
1.Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA)
Langmuir probe (LP)To measure the near surface plasma (ions and electrons) density and its changes with time
2.Chandra’s Surface Thermo physical Experiment (ChaSTE)To carry out the measurements of thermal properties of lunar surface near polar region.
3.Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA)To measure seismicity around the landing site and delineating the structure of the lunar crust and mantle.
4.LASER Retroreflector Array (LRA)It is a passive experiment to understand the dynamics of Moon system.
Sl. NoRover PayloadsObjectives
1.LASER Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS)
Qualitative and quantitative elemental analysis & To derive the chemical Composition and infer mineralogical composition to further our understanding of Lunar-surface.
2.Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS)To determine the elemental composition (Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca ,Ti , Fe) of Lunar soil and rocks around the lunar landing site.
Sl. NoPropulsion Module PayloadObjectives
1.Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE)Future discoveries of smaller planets in reflected light would allow us to probe into variety of Exo-planets which would qualify for habitability (or for presence of life).

3. Chandrayaan-3 Launch Date

ISRO has finalized the exact launch date of Chandrayaan-3 is 14 JUNE 2023 . They are actively undertaking extensive planning and preparations to ensure the mission’s success. It is crucial to note that space missions involve complex endeavors, and careful attention is given to every detail before establishing a launch date.

4. Chandrayaan-3 Launch Time

The launch time for Chandrayaan-3 will depend on various factors, including orbital mechanics, weather conditions, and mission requirements. ISRO will carefully evaluate these factors to determine the optimal launch window that maximizes the chances of mission success.

Launch time of Chandrayaan-3 is 14.35 IST.

5. Launch Location

The launch of Chandrayaan-3 is expected to take place from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, India. This spaceport has been the primary site for launching Indian space missions and provides the necessary infrastructure and facilities for such endeavors.

6. Preparations for the Mission

ISRO is actively preparing for Chandrayaan-3 through a wide range of activities. These activities encompass designing and developing the spacecraft, integrating various subsystems, conducting rigorous testing, and performing simulations to ensure the mission’s readiness. The mission teams are also undergoing extensive training to proficiently manage any contingencies that may occur during the launch and mission operations.

7. Instruments and Payload

Chandrayaan-3 will carry a suite of scientific instruments and payloads to gather valuable data about the moon. These instruments will enable researchers to examine the lunar surface, analyze the mineral composition, and detect the presence of water molecules. The rover, equipped with advanced sensors and cameras, will navigate the lunar terrain, collect data, and transmit it back to Earth.

Three dimensional views of Chandrayaan-3 modules are provided below:

Chandrayaan-3
Chandrayaan-3
Chandrayaan-3

1. Lander payloads:

Chandrayaan-3 incorporates the Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) to measure the thermal conductivity and temperature. It also features the Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) to measure the seismicity around the landing site and the Langmuir Probe (LP) to estimate the plasma density and its variations. Furthermore, the mission includes a passive Laser Retroreflector Array from NASA for conducting lunar laser ranging studies.

2. Rover payloads: 

Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) for deriving the elemental composition in the vicinity of landing site.

8. Mission Challenges

Space exploration presents numerous challenges, and Chandrayaan-3 is not exempt. The mission encounters challenges such as accomplishing a precise landing of the rover on the lunar surface, ensuring the reliability of onboard systems, and managing communication between the rover and the mission control center on Earth. ISRO’s engineers and scientists are putting in relentless efforts to conquer these challenges and mitigate potential risks.

9. Importance of Chandrayaan-3

Chandrayaan-3 holds great importance for India and the global scientific community. It represents India’s continued commitment to space exploration and technological advancements. The mission’s findings will contribute to our understanding of the moon’s evolution, its resources, and its potential for future exploration and utilization.

10. Future Lunar Exploration

Chandrayaan-3 is a stepping stone for future lunar exploration missions. It will provide valuable insights and data that will aid in planning and executing more ambitious missions to the moon. The knowledge gained from Chandrayaan-3 will contribute to international collaborations and pave the way for sustained human presence on the moon.

Conclusion

ISRO is gearing up for the upcoming lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3, which aims to propel India’s space exploration endeavors to new heights. While the precise launch date, time, and location are yet to be determined, the mission’s objectives and significance remain evident. Chandrayaan-3 symbolizes India’s dedication to scientific progress and the exploration of the moon, taking us closer to unraveling the mysteries of our celestial neighbor.

FAQs

Q1: When will Chandrayaan-3 be launched?

The exact launch date for Chandrayaan-3 is yet to be finalized by ISRO. Stay tuned for updates from the space agency.

Q2: Where will Chandrayaan-3 be launched from?

Chandrayaan-3 is expected to be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Q3: What are the objectives of Chandrayaan-3?

The objectives of Chandrayaan-3 include studying the lunar surface and subsurface, analyzing the exosphere, and showcasing India’s capabilities in lunar exploration.

Q4: How will Chandrayaan-3 contribute to future lunar missions?

Chandrayaan-3 will provide valuable data and insights that will aid in planning and executing future lunar exploration missions, paving the way for sustained human presence on the moon.

Q5: Why is Chandrayaan-3 important?

Chandrayaan-3 is important as it signifies India’s commitment to space exploration, enhances our understanding of the moon, and fosters scientific advancements on a global scale.

Q6: What is cost of Chandrayaan-3?

While speaking to reporters in 2020, K Sivan, the chairman of ISRO at the time, said that the Chandrayaan-3 mission will cost over Rs 615 crore

READ MORE……

1. https://newssbook.com/chandrayaan-3-unlocking-the-secrets-of-the-moons-mysteries/

2. https://newssbook.com/delhi-flood-yamunas-water-reached-the-ring-road-many-areas-on-the-banks-of-the-yamuna-were-submerged/

3. https://newssbook.com/the-saff-championship-uniting-south-asian-football/

4. https://newssbook.com/fcs-up-gov-in/

Leave a comment