Chandrayaan-3 Indian spacecraft successfully lands on moon

India’s Chandrayaan-3 became the first space mission to land near the south pole of the Moon on 23-08-2023 .


The successful landing makes India only the fourth country to achieve a soft landing on the Moon. After the US, the former Soviet Union and China.

“India is now on the Moon,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced immediately after the spacecraft touched down on the lunar surface.

The Indian space agency launched the rocket on 14 July . Blasting off from the country’s main spaceport in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.

Where has Chandrayaan-3 landed?


Somanath said that the spacecraft has to be tested for different modes in order to have the “best picture ever of the Moon”. On August 23, India scripted history in space exploration as Chandrayaan-3 landed successfully on the Moon’s South Pole.

How did Chandrayaan-3 landed on moon?


The controlled descent of the Vikram lander of Chandrayaan-3 made it one of the closest approaches of a lunar mission to the moon’s South Pole. However like most of the lunar-landing missions before . Vikram too landed on the near side, making the Chinese Chang’e 4 mission the only one to have landed on the far side.

Which fuel is used in lander ?

The rocket’s first stage utilized solid fuel, and the second stage employed liquid fuel. And the third and final stage consists of a cryogenic engine powered by liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen

Wednesday’s moon landing is a historic moment for the world’s most populous nation . As it rapidly closes in on milestones set by global space powers. Chandrayaan-3, which means “Mooncraft” in Sanskrit . Touched down shortly after 6.04 pm India time (12.30 GMT) near the little-explored lunar south pole. Inside the lander is a six-wheeled Pragyaan rover, which, if all goes to plan, will roam the lunar surface gathering images and data.


A previous Indian effort failed in 2019, and today’s success comes just days after Russia’s first Moon mission in almost 50 years. Destined for the same region, crashed on the lunar surface.

Nearly six weeks ago, organizers launched the Indian mission in front of thousands of cheering spectators. But took much longer to reach the Moon than those of the Apollo missions in the 1960s and 1970s, which arrived in a matter of days.

India is using rockets much less powerful than those the United States used back then. Meaning the probe needed to orbit Earth several times to gain speed before embarking on its month-long lunar trajectory.

To watch live soft landing on moon click here


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